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What is a cookie?
A cookie is a file with harmless text that is stored in your browser when you visit most websites. The usefulness of a cookie is that the web is able to remember your visit when you browse that website again. Although many people are not aware of this, cookies have been used for the last 20 years, when the first browsers for the World Wide Web appeared.
What IS NOT a cookie?
Is not a virus, a Trojan, worm, spam or spyware, and does not open pop-up windows.
What information is stored in a cookie?
Cookies do not tend to store confidential information about you, such as credit cards or bank details, pictures, DNI or personal details, etc. The stored data is technical data, personal preferences, personalization of content, etc.
The web server does not identify you as a person; it identifies your web browser. Indeed, if you usually browse with Internet Explorer and then browse the same website with Firefox or Chrome, you will see that the website does not understand that you are the same person because it identifies the browser, not the person.
What types of cookies there are?
Technical cookies: These are the most basic cookies and allow, inter alia, to know if the browsing is being performed by a person or an automated application, in the person browsing the website is an anonymous or a registered user, basic tasks for the operation of any dynamic website.
Analysis cookies: These collect information on your browsing activity, the sections that you use more frequently, products seen, time zone, language, etc.
Advertising cookies: These show adverts based on your browsing activity, country, language, etc.
What are own cookies and third-party cookies?
Own cookies are those generated by the page that you are visiting and third-party cookies are those generated by external services or suppliers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if a block cookies?
In order to help you understand the consequences of blocking cookies we show you some examples:
You will not be allowed to share content of this website in Facebook, Twitter or any other social media platforms.
The website will not be able to adapt the content to your personal preferences, as it generally happens with the on-line stores.
You will not be able to access the personal area of that website, such as “My account”, “My profile” or “My orders”.
Online stores: You will not be able to make purchases on-line, these will need to be made by telephone or visiting the store, if available, in person.
You will not be able to personalize your geographical preferences, such as time zone, currency or language.
The website will not be able to perform website analysis on visitors and traffic to the website, making it difficult for the website to be competitive.
You will not be able to write on the blog, upload pictures, publish comments, or rate content. The website will not be able to know whether you are a person or an automated application that publishes spam.
It will not be possible to show sectorized advertising, which will reduce the advertising revenues of the website.
Can cookies be removed?
Yes. Cookies can be removed, and also blocked, either globally or only for a specific domain.
To remove the cookies of a website you need to go to the “Settings” of your browser, where you will be able to search the cookies associated with the domain concerned and proceed to remove them.
Cookie settings for the most popular browsers
Below is described how to access a specific cookie of the Chrome browser. Note: these steps may be different depending on your browser version:
Go to “Settings” or “Preferences” through the menu “File”, or press the personalization icon on the top right-hand corner.
You will see different sections, press the option “Show advanced options”.
Go to “Privacy” and then, “Content settings”.
Select “All cookies” and the site data.
A list containing all cookies arranged by domain will be displayed. To make it easy for you to find the cookies of a certain domain, enter the partial or full address in the field “Search cookies”.
After performing this filter, the screen will display one or several lines with the cookies of the requested website. Now you only need to select it and press X to remove it.
To access the cookie settings of the Internet Explorer browser, follow these steps (these can change depending on the version of the browser):
Go to “Tools” and then, “Internet Options”.
Click on “Privacy”.
Move the slider to adjust it to your desired level of privacy.
To access the cookie settings of the Firefox browser, follow these steps (these can change depending on the version of the browser):
Go to “Options” or “Preferences” depending on your operating system.
Click on “Privacy”.
In “History” choose “Use personalized settings for history”.
Now that you will see the option “Accept cookies”, you can activate it or deactivate it according to your preferences.
To access the cookie settings of the Safari browser for OSX, follow these steps (these can change depending on the version of the browser):
Go to “Preferences” and then, “Privacy”.
There you will be able to choose your desired level of blocking with the option “Block cookies”.
To access the cookie settings of the Safari browser for iOS, follow these steps (these can change depending on the version of the browser):
Go to “Adjustments” and then, “Safari”.
Go to “Safety and Privacy”, where you will be able to choose your desired level of blocking with the option “Block cookies”.
To access the cookie settings of the browser for Android devices, follow these steps (these can change depending on the version of the browser):
Run the browser and press the “Menu” key, then “Adjustments”.
Go to “Safety and Privacy”, where you will see the option “Accept cookies” that can be checked or unchecked.
To access the cookie settings of the browser for Windows Phone devices, follow these steps (these can change depending on the version of the browser):
Open Internet Explorer, then “More” and finally, “Settings”.
Now you can check or uncheck the checkbox “Allow cookies”.
Cookie advisor is a plugin for WordPress created by Carlos Doral (webartesanal.com).